Botwin, K.P., Gruber, R.D., et al. (2002). Fluoroscopically Guided Lumbar Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injections in Degenerative Lumbar Stenosis: An Outcome Study. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 81, 898-905.

Boqing, C., Cailliet, R., et al. (2013). Epidural Steroid Injections. Medscape Reference, 2013, July. Retrieved from
Cardone, D.A., Tallia, A.F. (2003).Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Hip and Knee. Am Fam Physician, 67, 2147-2152.

Crawshaw, D.P., Helliwell, P.S., et al. (2010) Exercise Therapy after Corticosteroid Injection for Moderate to Severe Shoulder Pain: Large Pragmatic Randomized Trial. British Med Jl, 340, c3037.

Kruse, D. (2008). Intra-articular Cortisone Injection for Osteoarthritis of the Hip. Is it Effective? Is it Safe? Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med, 1, 227-233.

Lutz, G.E., Vad, V.B., Wisneski, R.J. (1998). Fluoroscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Epidural Steroids: An Outcome Study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 79, 1362-1366.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. National Institutes of Health. (2013). Low Back Pain Fact Sheet. 2013, December. Retrieved from

Tallia, A.F., Cardone, D.A. (2003). Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Shoulder Region. Am Fam Physician, 67, 1271-1278.

Vad, V.B., Bhat, A.L., Lutz, G.E., Cammisa F. (2002). Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injections in Lumbosacral Radiculopathy: A Prospective Randomized Study. Spine, 27, 11-16.